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Biggest Barriers to Education Technology in India


Conventional methods of learning are undergoing transformational change. Instructors are increasingly using technology in classrooms to aid learning processes and to track academic progress of students.
While technology has become pervasive in the education domain over the past few years, many educational institutions in India are still struggling to keep pace with the transformational wave. Some of the biggest barriers to adoption of technology in Indian educational institutions are listed below-

1. Cost - Of the reasons cited for reluctance to switch to education technology, cost-extensive nature of these technologies is the prime one. Cutting-edge technologies often require huge investment and since the technology landscape is dynamic, these are bound to become outdated in a matter of years. This makes schools more cautious about undertaking such investments. Underfunding of government schools in India makes smart education in these institutions a far-fetched dream.

2. Lack of Training - Only access to education technology is not enough, institutions must spend considerable time and money to train teachers in ways of leveraging these technologies. Tech training is crucial for instructors to deliver optimal learning outcomes because they are not ‘digital natives’- they did not grow with technology at their fingertips unlike their students and thus, they have a steep tech learning curve.

3. Reluctance to Adopt New Technologies - Lack of training, lack of familiarity with education technology and lack of support from schools makes instructors resist transition to smart classes and adoption of new classroom tools. Parents may also oppose adoption of new education technology in cases where they think their kids are exposed to too much technology already.

4. Insufficient Infrastructure - Even if schools increase their budget allocation to make investments in education technology, inadequate infrastructure in terms of lack of network access may act as a hindrance. Given the complete reliance of educational technologies on internet to access programs and systems, lack of internet penetration may obstruct adoption of education technology in Indian schools significantly.

5. Family Income of Students - Low-income students are at a greater disadvantage in the classrooms. They lack access to technology at home because of which they are less familiar with technology tools than their peers. In order to create a level playing field for all students in the classroom, teachers may scale back from adopting education technologies both inside and outside classroom, depriving students of the opportunity to learn digital literacy and tech skills.

By Deeksha Shivhare
Sr. Executive DigiCom - Content
Redefine Marcom Pvt. Ltd.